How to Get Aviation Fuel.
There are several types of fuel that can be used by aircraft depending on which kind of aircraft it is. While Jets use diesel fuels, other aircrafts have engines that run on Mogas or AV gas. In this article, we will look at AV gas properties and benefits.
Aviation gasoline or AV gas is a type of fuel that most piston-powered aircrafts use. It one unique type of aircraft gasoline that has been in use for a long time. AV gas is mainly used to help in the functioning of piston engines. There are several additives that can be used on AV gas including static dissipaters, antiknock, tetraethyl, icing inhibitors, oxidation inhibitors, corrosion inhibitors, and metal deactivators.
At regular temperatures, Aviation gasoline is extremely volatile and highly flammable. Consequently, the gas ought to be handled carefully and properly. AV gas has the lean, and the rich mixture ratings that are the octane ratings used in defining the different AV gasoline grades.
Gasoline fuels are mostly formed from hydrocarbons with the most popular being Iso-octane. Iso-octanes are hydrocarbons that have outstanding antiknock properties. The fuels that possess similar antiknock properties to those of iso-octane are given a rating of 100. Heptane is another example of hydrocarbons which can also be applied to fuel octane rating once it is mixed with varying amounts of iso-octyne.
In recent times, lead additives, and other necessary additions result to a high engine power before detonation. This signifies that the incorporation of lead in aviation fuel essentially makes the engines to perform better. The fuels air ratio is also a significant factor in the improvement of an engine’s power.
Contrary to what is believed by many, converting to the use of fuel with high octane ratings alone without changing anything else is not the only requirement of improving an engine’s power. High octane ratings of fuel are mostly applicable in high compression engines for the reason that it is useful in interrupting the possible occurrence of knocking or detonation at settings of high power.
The next category of AV gas is the AV gas 100LL that has a low lead content of 0.5 gr/ltr. In addition, we have the AV gas 82UL that is a type of unleaded AV gas applicable in engines that have low compression ratios.
In previous times, AV gas had a number of grades in use but today they have been reduced to only the AV 100.
While lead additives are good for increasing an engines resistance to detonation during combustion, unleaded fuels are more preferred for health reasons. Nonetheless, pollution that results from lead largely comes from combustion in car engines that run on leaded fuel.